ISSN 0886-3067

Volume No 36 Issue No 3

Intra-Operative and Immediate Post-Operative Complications of Cataract Surgery in an Eye Camp

Purpose: To analyze the intra-operative and immediate post-operative complications in patients after cataract surgery in an eye camp. Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in a village of Nawabshah, Sindh, Pakistan from 7th to 9th of February 2020. Material and Methods: Fifteen hundred patients were screened for visual disabilities of which 150 were selected for the study. They had a visual acuity of less than 6/9 in one or both eyes and had a cataract. The selected patients were operated using either phacoemulsification, extracapsular cataract extraction ECCE), intracapsular cataract extraction (ICCE) or small incision cataract surgery (SICS). The immediate intra-operative as well as post-operative complications on day 1 after surgery were observed. Results: One hundred and fifty patients were operated. Age ranged from 14 years to 90 years, males were 58.7% and females were 41.3%. The most common procedure performed was phacoemulsification 51.3%, followed by ECCE 30.0%, then SICS 18.0% and ICCE 0.7%. The most common intra-operative complication was posterior capsule rent and the most common post-operative complication was striate keratopathy which was seen in 14.0% individuals. There was a significant association found for post-operative complications with gender with females having more post-operative complications as compared to males

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