The PJO agrees to accept manuscripts prepared in accordance with the 'Uniform Requirements submitted to the Biomedical Journals' as approved by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) guidelines, (http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/) published in the British Medical Journal 1991; 302:334-41.
Scope: The journal will cover clinical and scientific studies related to health, ethical and social issues in the field of ophthalmology and vision science. Preference will be given to topics of clinical interest.
Ethical / Legal Considerations: A submitted manuscript must be an original contribution not previously published (except as an abstract or preliminary report), must not be under consideration for publication elsewhere, and if accepted, it must not be published elsewhere in similar form. Each person listed as an author is expected to have participated in the study to a significant extent. Although the editors and referees make every effort to ensure the validity of published manuscripts, the final responsibility rests with the authors, not with the Journal, its editors, or the publisher. All manuscripts must be submitted by logging into www.pjo.org.pk.
Article submission and publication charges:PJO does not charge article submission and processing fee.
Conflict of interest: A sample definition by WAME states that conflict of interest “exists when a participant in the publication process (author, peer reviewer, or editor) has a competing interest that could unduly influence (or be reasonably seen to do so) his or her responsibilities in the publication process."Any conflict of interest should be declared by all authors. This may include grants or honorarium, credits and promotions, memberships or any personal or professional relationships, which may appear to influence the manuscript. Such competing interests are not unethical but should be declared.
Permission: Authors must submit written permission from the copyright owner (usually the publisher) to use direct quotations, tables, or illustrations that have appeared in copyrighted form elsewhere, along with complete details about the source.
Original Articles: should normally report original research of relevance to Ophthalmology. It should contain a structured abstract of about 250 words. Three to 10 keywords should be given for an original article as per MeSH (Medical Subject Headings). There should be maximum of upto five tables or illustrations. The data should be supported with 20 to 25 references. Most of the references should be from last five years from the data of submission.
The article must be submitted in the following format:
Type single – spaced in MS Word using "Verdana" font size 12 leaving ONE INCH margin on ALL SIDES. Arrange contents as follows:
Clinical case reports: must be of academic and educational values and provide relevance of the disease being reported as unusual. Brief or negative research findings may appear in the section. It should have a non-structured abstract of about 100-150 words (case specific) with around 5-6 references and 3 keywords.
Review article: should consist of critical overview/analysis of some relatively narrow topic providing background and the recent development with the reference of original literature. It should incorporate author's original work on the same subject. The length of the review article should be of 2500 to 3000 words with minimum of 40 and maximum of 60 references. It should have non-structured abstract of 150 words with minimum 3 key words. An author can write a review article only if he/she has written a minimum of three original research articles and some case reports on the same topic.
Double Blind Peer Review: Every paper will be read by at least two editors of the Editorial Board. The papers selected will then be sent to two external reviewers. If statistical analysis is included, further examination by a staff statistician will be carried out. The staff Bibliographer also examines and authenticates the references and checks for plagiarism.
Authorship Criteria: As stated in the uniform requirements, credit for authorship requires substantial contributions to (a) the conception and design or analysis and interpretation of the data, (b) the drafting of the article or critical revision for important intellectual content, critical appraisal of findings with literature search and actual write up of manuscript, (c) final approval of the version to be published. Each author must sign a statement attesting that he or she fulfils the authorship criteria of the Uniform Requirements.
Up to six authors are allowed in a single institution study. In a multi institution and international collaboration research Editorial Board shall guide on individual case basis.
PJO strongly discourages gift authorship. More supervision, collection of data, statistical analysis and language correction do not grant authorship rights. Ideally all authors should belong to same department of an institute, except for multi-centre and multi-specialty studies. The Journal discourages submission of more than one article dealing with related aspects of the same study. The Journal also discourages the submission of case reports unless unreported from Pakistan. Unusual but already reported cases should, therefore, be submitted as letters to the editor.
Plagiarism Policy: PJO observes/follows the ICMJE, PMDC and HEC guidelines/criteria for all types of plagiarism. The same can be accessed at www.icmje.org , www.pmdc and www.hec.gov.pk it is the authors' responsibility to aaprise themselves of plagiarism in any form including paraphrasing and self – plagiarism. Manuscripts submitted to PJO can be sent to HEC, other medical journals' editors and international agencies for authentication of originality. The disciplinary committee of PJO would deal with cases of plagiarism and comprise of the staff, editors and the Chief Editor or his representative.
For a plagiarized article in processing, the identification of act will lead to dropping of article from further processing/consideration of publication. The author will be required to give an explanation on demand. In case of an unsatisfactory reply, the matter will be referred to the disciplinary committee that may decide the course of action. For a published article, the allegedly plagiarized article will be temporarily retracted from publication and a notice to the effect will be published in the PJO. The author will be served an explanation demand. In case of non response in the stipulated time or unsatisfactory explanation, the article will be permanently retracted and the author will be on watch. HEC, PMDC and author's institute will also be informed. The author(s) will have to provide documentary proof of retraction from publication, if such a defense is pleaded. Those claiming intellectual / idea or data theft of an article must provide documentary proof in their claim.
Acceptance of Articles: Please check all grammatical mistakes using MS word spell checker before submission. Incomplete manuscripts and papers with excessive number of grammatical mistakes will not be acknowledged and will be returned to the authors. All papers will be subject to peer review and if necessary revisions will be requested. The journal will also consider for publication letters, short notes on useful diagnostic and therapeutic tips, announcements, and interesting photographic documentations.
Prof. Muhammad Moin
Pakistan Journal of Ophthalmology
4-A LDA Flats, Lawrence Road, Lahore – Pakistan
Ph: 042 36363325-6