ISSN 0886-3067

Volume No 33 Issue No 4

Who is the Real Author?

Literary meanings of an author is “A writer of a book, article, or document” or “Someone who writes books” or “An originator of a plan or idea”. Earlier in the eighteenth century till the start of twentieth century, single authorship was the rule that prevailed. In this new era of scientific research and development, importance of research papers cannot be overlooked. Hence, ethical issues regarding authorship arose. This problem posed a great threat to public health and a fraud in research field. To combat such ethical issues, International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) made recommendations for standardizing the ethics, preparation and formatting of manuscripts submitted for publication by biomedical journals. Its initial version was called “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts” (URMs) and was submitted to Biomedical Journals in 1978. URMs was revised in 1997 and some of the sections were updated in May 1999 and May 2000. Now it has been renamed as “Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals”. This document was revised in 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016. The members of ICMJE meet annually and discuss the matters related with publications.

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