ISSN 0886-3067

Volume No 33 Issue No 2

Prevalence of Hepatitis B & C at Tehsil Headquarter Hospital in Cataract Surgery Patients

Purpose: To investigate the prevalence of hepatitis B & C in the patients admitted for cataract surgery at THQ Khanpur. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Tehsil Headquarter Hospital, Khanpur from December 2015 till December 2016. Material and Methods: Patients were informed and tested for hepatitis B and C via diagnostic tests for surface antigen HBsAg (Hepatitis B) and anti HCV (C). Based on the positive results determination of prevalence of hepatitis B, C or both was done. Patient information was recorded on performa and analyzed. Results: 50 patients were operated for extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) at THQ Khanpur during the period of last one year. Mean age of the patients was 57 years. Out of 50 patients 27 were females (54%) and 23 were males (46%). Out of 50 patients, 7 (14%) suffered from hepatitis B, 8 (16%) from hepatitis C and 3 (6%) from both hepatitis B & C simultaneously. Thus, 18 out of 50 (36%) patients were positive for either disease. Conclusions: Incidence of Hepatitis B and C was higher than the average prevailing rates in Pakistan both in males and females. Percentage in males was higher than females in the sample. Keywords: Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Extra-Capsular Cataract Surgery.

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