ISSN 0886-3067


Volume No 35 Issue No 4

Frequency of Dry Eyes in Type 1 Diabetics at Sindh Institute of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences

Purpose: To Determine the Frequency of Dry Eyes in Type 1 Diabetics at Sindh Institute of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Place and Durational of Study: At Sindh institute of Ophthalmology and visual sciences and for six months 1st January 2017 to 30th June 2017. Material and Methods: Type 1 diabetics who were 30 to 70 years old with duration of disease less than 5 years were registered and sampling was done by non-probability convenience sampling. Schrimer test and tear film breakup time were performed to analyse dry eyes in type 1 diabetes. Data was recorded in proforma and results were assessed by using Statistical Program for Social Sciences (SPSS, version 16.0). The percentages, frequencies were collected and t test was applied. Results: Out of one hundred diabetic patients, 71 (71%) had dry eye disease (P < 0.001). The mean age of the patients in this research was 50.97 years (range 30 70 years). Old aged Diabetics were having the high risk of dry eyes (P < 0.001). Gender was not found to be a risk factor of dry eyes in diabetics. Evaporative type dry eye disease was more prevalent than non-evaporative type due to ocular surface diseases. Conclusion: Diabetics are at high risk for having dry eyes, so they should be directed to have periodic ocular examination to prevent severe ocular surface complications leading to visual morbidity. Keywords: Dry Eyes, Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, Tear Film

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