Volume No 33 Issue No 2

Pattern of Ocular trauma in Tertiary Care Hospital

Purpose: To analyze the etiology and outcomes of ocular trauma. Study design: Cross sectional descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Eye Department Lahore General Hospital, Lahore from 1st January 2016 to 28th February 2017. Material and Method: A total of 180 patients hospitalized with ocular trauma were included in the study. Study was conducted at the Department of Ophthalmology, Lahore General Hospital Lahore from 1st January 2016 to 28th February 2017 and data was collected through pre-designed proforma. The data collected composed of age, sex, etiology, pre-treatment and post-treatment visual acuity. Patients were stratified in 3 groups A, B and C with respect to pre-treatment visual acuity. Results: A total of 180 patients with ocular trauma were included in the study. In group A 124 (68.8%) patients had pre-treatment visual acuity PL +ve to 6/60. After treatment visual acuity improved in all patients including 21 (16%) patients with visual improvement to 6/36, 90 (72.5%) patients improved to 6/60 and 13 (10.4%) patients gained vision to HM. In group B 43 (23.8%) patients had pre-treatment visual acuity between 6/36-6/12 out of which 12 (27.9%) patients had vision improved to 6/12, 20 (46.5%) patients had vision gain to 6/24 and 11 (25.5%) patients gained 6/36 vision. In group C 13 (7.2%) patients had pre-treatment visual acuity 6/9-6/6 out of which vision of 2 (15.3%) patients improved to 6/6 and 11 (84.6%) patients gained to 6/9 vision. Conclusion: Metallic foreign body and road traffic accident were the most common cause of ocular trauma and improvement in post treatment vision was directly proportional to the severity of pretreatment visual loss. Key worlds: Trauma, Foreign Body, Vision, Etiology, Road traffic accident, Metallic.

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